Diana Edwards and Lynne Dakin Hastings
Ceramics at Hampton, Baltimore County, Maryland

Ceramics in America 2006

Full Article
  • Figure 1
    Figure 1

    Robery Carey Long Jr., Hampton Mansion, 1838. Watercolor on paper. (Private collection; unless otherwise noted, all objects and photos are courtesy of Hampton National Historic Site, National Park Service.)

  • Figure 2
    Figure 2

    William Russell Birch, “Hampton the Seat of Genl. Chas. Ridgley, Maryland,” The Country Seats of the United States of North America, Springland near Bristol, PA, 1808. Engraving. 7" x 8 1/2".

  • Figure 3
    Figure 3

    Goodman and Piggot, Charles Carnan Ridgely (1760–1829), ca. 1817–1822. Engraving. 6" x 4 3/4".

  • Figure 4
    Figure 4

    Plateau with figures of gods and goddesses, Niderviller, France, ca. 1792. Porcelain. H. of figures approx. 8 1/4". (Private collection; photo, Diana Edwards.) Plateaux were mirrored trays on small feet with silver or silver-gilt galleries; larger versions were divided into three or more sections. The one shown here, which included twenty-nine porcelain figures, was ordered by Edward Lloyd IV in 1792. Comprising five parts, it extended to nearly eight feet in length.

  • Figure 5
    Figure 5

    Dish, China, ca. 1750–1775. Porcelain. L. 16". NPSHAMP 21464. (Loan returned; no longer in collection of Hampton NHS.) Although this Chinese export was not part of Hampton’s collection during Captain Ridgely’s tenure, famille rose Chinese porcelains were popular with wealthy Maryland families, including the family of Charles Carroll the Barrister.

  • Figure 6
    Figure 6

    Fruit cooler, Caughley factory, Shropshire, England, ca. 1775-1779. Soft-paste porcelain decorated in the Dresden pattern. H. 9". NPSHAMP 11518. This cooler is one of a pair.

  • Figure 7
    Figure 7

    Dessert dish, Coalport factory, Shropshire, England, ca. 1820. Bone china, enamel painted in cobalt blue with gilding. L. 13". NPSHAMP 40353. At the center of each piece from this service is the Ridgely family crest.

  • Figure 8
    Figure 8

    Detail of the Coalport factory mark on the reverse of the dessert dish illustrated in fig. 7.

  • Figure 9
    Figure 9

    Basket and stand from dessert service, Davenport factory, Staffordshire, England, ca. 1805–1810. Bone china, enamel painted and gilded. H. of basket 6 1/2". L. of stand 10 3/4". Marks: on both, a red anchor surmounted by “Davenport” in a banner; the pattern number or painter’s mark “208.” NPSHAMP 1240, 1244.

  • Figure 10
    Figure 10

    Dish from dessert service, Worcester Porcelain Manufactory (Chamberlain’s factory), England, 1811-1820. Soft-paste porcelain, painted with cobalt blue and gilded. L. 12 1/2". Mark: “155” (pattern number). NPSHAMP 10207.

  • Figure 11
    Figure 11

    Detail of Chamberlain’s Worcester mark on the reverse of a square dessert dish from the same service as the dish illustrated in fig. 10.

  • Figure 12
    Figure 12

    Vegetable dish and cover, Spode, Staffordshire, England, 1833-1847. Stoneware, with green enamels and gilding. H. (with handle) 6", L. 8 3/4". Mark: Copeland & Garrett “1666” (pattern number). NPSHAMP 9003a, b.

  • Figure 13
    Figure 13

    Serving dish from a dinner service, decorated by Feuillet, Boyer, Blot, and Hébert, Paris, ca. 1825. French porcelain, with enamel and gilding. L. 9 1/8". Mark: “Feuillet.” NPSHAMP 4158. At the center of each piece in the set is the Ridgely family coat of arms.

  • Figure 14
    Figure 14

    Ewer and basin, China, ca. 1750. Porcelain, with underglaze blue painting. H. of bottle 10 1/2"; D. of basin 12". NPSHAMP 4646, 4647. These Chinese exports were not part of the Ridgely estate but a museum purchase appropriate to furnishing the master bedchamber to circa 1790.

  • Figure 15
    Figure 15

     Pitcher, England, ca. 1805–1815. White stoneware, with brown dipped surface decoration. H. 6 1/4". NPSHAMP 4178. Pitchers made for the American market were produced by several Staffordshire and Yorkshire factories and are almost always unmarked. This example bearing sprig-relief American motifs was a museum purchase, relating to sherds found archaeologically at Hampton and in 1829 estate references.

  • Figure 16
    Figure 16

    Cachepot, England, ca. 1810. Pearlware, with “moonlight luster” decoration. H. 5". NPSHAMP 10217. This cachepot, one of a pair acquired by the park in 1982, is typical of Charles Carnan Ridgely’s purchases in this period and helps to interpret his significant horticultural interest. Luster-decorated earthenwares are rarely attributable to a specific manufacturer.

  • Figure 17
    Figure 17

    Partial tea/coffee set, decorated by Feuillet, Boyer, Blot, and Hébert, Paris, ca. 1825. Porcelain, with elaborate gilding. H. of tea/coffee pot 8 3/8". NPSHAMP 21413, 21419, 21424, 21425, 21426. (Loan returned; no longer in collection of Hampton NHS.)

  • Figure 18
    Figure 18

    Fruit basket, Paris, ca. 1825. Porcelain, with gilding. H. 7", D. 9 3/8". NPSHAMP 4773.

  • Figure 19
    Figure 19

    Stand with pots de crèmes, Paris, ca. 1810–1830. Porcelain, with enamel decoration. H. of stand 15". H. of each pot de crème 4 3/8". The stand comprises five pieces held together by a metal rod. NPSHAMP 41998a–e, 41979–41989.

  • Figure 20
    Figure 20

    Covered butter dish on stand, France, ca. 1810–1830. Porcelain, with sprig or cornflower decoration. L. 12". NPSHAMP 42005.

  • Figure 21
    Figure 21

    Teapot and lid, probably Worcester, Flight, and Barr, or Caughley (Shropshire), England, ca. 1790. Soft-paste porcelain, with sprig or cornflower decoration. H. 7 1/2". (Courtesy, private collection).

  • Figure 22
    Figure 22

    Plate, cup and saucer, Haviland & Company, Limoges, 1870-1890 (plate) 1800-1812 (cup and saucer) Plate: Hard-paste porcelain. D. 8 1/2". Mark: “H & Cie, L.” Cup: Hard-paste porcelain. D. 2 1/8". Mark: “Halley.” Saucer: Paris porcelain. D. 5". Mark: in script, “Halley.” NPSHAMP 9483, 9443, 9701. A group of teawares from two different periods was purchased by the Ridgelys as replacement pieces for an earlier service.

  • Figure 23
    Figure 23

    Plate, cup, and saucer, attributed to Feuillet, Boyer, Blot, and Hébert, Paris, ca. 1830–1834. Porcelain, with gilding. D. of plate 8 3/4"; H. of cup 2 1/2"; D. of saucer 5 1/2". NPSHAMP 4036–4077. This set, with a green band and floral center, was selected by Eliza Ridgely on a trip to Paris in October 1834.

  • Figure 24
    Figure 24

    Mantel clock, France, ca. 1840–1850. Porcelain base with enamel painting, surmounted by biscuit porcelain figures. H. 17 3/4". NPSHAMP 4280a, b. Eliza Ridgely appears to have purchased this clock on one of her trips to Europe. Photos of the music room from the late nineteenth century show the clock on the mantel, where it is today.

  • Figure 25
    Figure 25

    Pair of vases, China, ca. 1837–1840. Porcelain, decorated in the Rose Canton style. H. 48 3/4". NPSHAMP 1025, 1026. A Caroline Butler of New York brought a smaller pair of vases of this variety back from her trip to China in 1837 (David Sanctuary Howard, New York and the China Trade [New York: New-York Historical Society, 1984], p. 122). 

  • Figure 26
    Figure 26

    Vase, China, ca. 1840–1850. Porcelain, decorated in the Rose Canton style. H. 20". NPSHAMP 1172. This large vase, with elaborate applied decoration and a cover surmounted by a foo dog finial, is one of a pair.

  • Figure 27
    Figure 27

    Vase, China, ca. 1860–1870. Porcelain. H. 17 7/8". NPSHAMP 10291. One of a pair, this large vase is decorated in a black ground with white prunus blossoms and translucent enamels in the famille verte style. The shape is known as yen yen and the vase is like one Warren Delano, a China trade merchant, brought back to New York in 1870. (Howard, New York and the China Trade, p. 134.)

  • Figure 28
    Figure 28

    Bowl, China, ca. 1785–1800. Porcelain. D. 15 1/2". NPSHAMP 21445. This late Qing dynasty bowl is decorated with a green enamel floral border and a cartouche, painted in sepia, of a landscape.

  • Figure 29
    Figure 29

    Bowl, China, ca. 1800–1820. Porcelain, with enamel and elaborate gilding. D. 12 1/16". NPSHAMP 17629.

  • Figure 30
    Figure 30

    Chamber pot and cover, China, ca. 1825–1835. Porcelain, with green enamel and gilding. H. 8 1/4". NPSHAMP 10236.

  • Figure 31
    Figure 31

    Bottles, China, ca. 1835–1850. Porcelain. H. 6 1/2". NPSHAMP 17630, 17631. These bottles are enamel decorated with the black butterfly motif in the Rose Canton style.

  • Figure 32
    Figure 32

    Punch bowl, China, ca. 1850–1870. Porcelain. D. 25". NPSHAMP 4770. This large bowl, decorated in the Rose Canton style, was not part of the Ridgely family possessions but a later gift. It is, however, very much in the taste of the grand purchases Eliza and John Ridgely made in the mid-nineteenth century.

  • Figure 33
    Figure 33

    Pair of vases, France, ca. 1850. Porcelain. H. 12 3/4". NPSHAMP 10246, 10247. According to late-nineteenth-century photos, these vases, decorated with bleu céleste ground and reserve panels painted with flowers, sat on the mantel of the music room, where they still reside.

  • Figure 34
    Figure 34

    Box with medallions of the heads of Roman emperors, ca. 1778–1800. Wood (box) and plaster of paris (medallions). 12" x 8". NPSHAMP 22538. This box of portrait medallions, part of a set, was probably purchased by John and Eliza Ridgely on one of their European tours.

  • Figure 35
    Figure 35

    Handwritten list of the names of the emperors depicted on the medallions illustrated in 34. The list is affixed to the back of the box.

  • Figure 36
    Figure 36

    Cheese wheel stand, possibly Staffordshire, England, ca. 1850–1860. Earthenware. L. 17". NPSHAMP 10234. Transfer-printed with an underglaze blue willow pattern, this stand seems especially appropriate to find at Hampton, which had its own dairy dating from the eighteenth century.

  • Figure 37
    Figure 37

    Jug, Worcester Royal, England. Porcelain Co., Ltd., 1884. Porcelain with turquoise scale ground and twisted lizard handle in gilt. H. 11". Marks: sepia crowned circle; date letter "V" incised pattern number “260”; impressed “9a.” NPSHAMP 17713. These Japonisme-style vases were the height of fashion at the period.

  • Figure 38
    Figure 38

    Two vases, England, ca. 1870. Earthenware, painted in Greek revival style. H. 13 7/8" and 9 1/2". NPSHAMP 10210, 21459.