Chipstone
Menu

Lisa Minardi
Sulfur Inlay in Pennsylvania German Furniture: New Discoveries

American Furniture 2015

Full Article
Contents
  • Figure 1
    Figure 1

    Miniature chest, made for Johannes Mosser, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1773. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; iron. H. 7 1/4", W. 14 3/4", D. 8 5/8". (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum; photo, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 2
    Figure 2

    Lid of the miniature chest illustrated in fig. 1.

  • Figure 3
    Figure 3

    Map of Pennsylvania. (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum.)

  • Figure 4
    Figure 4

    Chest, Bologna, Italy, ca. 1550. Walnut and probable orpiment inlay. H. 16 1/8", W. 32 1/4", D. 14 1/2". (Courtesy, Museum Angewandte Kunst, Frankfurt am Main; photo, Ute Kunze.)

  • Figure 5
    Figure 5

    Detail of the inlay on the front of the chest illustrated in fig. 4.

  • Figure 6
    Figure 6

    Title page of De la pirotechnia, written by Vannoccio Biringuccio, 4th edition, printed by P. Gironimo Giglio, Venice, Italy, 1559. (Courtesy, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich.)

  • Figure 7
    Figure 7

    Detail of a relief carved fleur-de-lis on the schrank illustrated in fig. 38. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 8
    Figure 8

    Detail of a sulfur-inlaid fleur-de-lis on the schrank illustrated in fig. 27. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 9
    Figure 9

    Portrait of William Henry, attributed to Benjamin West, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, ca. 1754. Oil on canvas. 36 3/4" x 30 1/2". (Courtesy, Philadelphia History Museum at the Atwater Kent, Historical Society of Pennsylvania Collection.)

  • Figure 10
    Figure 10

    House of Christian Herr, West Lampeter Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1719. (Courtesy, 1719 Hans Herr House & Museum; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.) The stone lintel above the door is inscribed “17 CH HR 19.”

  • Figure 11
    Figure 11

    Benjamin Henry Latrobe, view of the Lancaster County Courthouse (built 1787), Lancaster, Pennsylvania, ca. 1801. Watercolor, pencil, pen and ink on laid paper. 8" x 12 3/4". (Courtesy, Maryland Historical Society, 1960.108.1.8.8.)

  • Figure 12
    Figure 12

    Tall clock, made for Andreas and Catharina Beierle, probably Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1745. Black walnut with tulip poplar. H. 91 1/4", W. 21 3/4", D. 12 1/4". (Private collection; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.) The base molding is replaced and the movement is not original to the case.

  • Figure 13
    Figure 13

    Detail of the carving on the tall clock illustrated in fig. 12. 

  • Figure 14
    Figure 14

    Pendulum door of the clock illustrated in fig. 12. 

  • Figure 15
    Figure 15

    Mantel, probably Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1746. (Whereabouts unknown; photo, Raymond J. Brunner.) This photograph was taken in the shop of antiques dealer Hattie Brunner in Reinholds, Lancaster County.

  • Figure 16
    Figure 16

    Schrank, probably made for Michael and Anna Margaretha Fordney, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1758. Walnut and pewter inlay with pine and tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 84", W. 78", D. 21 3/4". (Courtesy, Clint and Cindy McCauley; photo, Pook & Pook.) The feet are a later addition.

  • Figure 17
    Figure 17

    Schrank, made for Johannes and Anna Maria Spohr, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1760. Walnut and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar; brass. H. 85", W. 71 1/2", D. 26". (Courtesy, Philadelphia Museum of Art; photo, Pook & Pook.)

  • Figure 18
    Figure 18

    High chest, made for Matthias Slough, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1770–1785. Mahogany with tulip poplar; brass. H. 96", W. 42", D. 24". (Courtesy, LancasterHistory.org, Heritage Center Collection, bequest of the estate of George J. Finney; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 19
    Figure 19

    Schrank, made for Christian and Veronica Herr, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1763. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar and oak; brass, iron. H. 86", W. 84 1/2", D. 30 1/4". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 20
    Figure 20

    Detail of the sulfur inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 19. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 21
    Figure 21

    Detail of the sulfur inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 19. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 22
    Figure 22

    Schrank, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1765. Walnut; brass, iron. H. 85 1/2", W. 71 1/2", D. 26". (Private collection; photo, copyright 1995 Christie’s Limited.)

  • Figure 23
    Figure 23

    Detail of the carved fleur-de-lis on the schrank illustrated in fig. 19. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 24
    Figure 24

    Detail of the carving on the door of a building in Hildesheim, Germany, ca. 1730. (Photo, Lisa Minardi.)

  • Figure 25
    Figure 25

    Landisville Mennonite Meetinghouse, East Hempfield Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1740. (Photo, Lisa Minardi.)

  • Figure 26
    Figure 26

    Detail of a wrought iron hook inside the schrank illustrated in fig. 34. (Photo, Winterthur Museum, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 27
    Figure 27

    Schrank, made for Johannes and Anna Kauffmann, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1766. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar and oak; brass, iron. H. 89", W. 84", D. 30". (Courtesy, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, State Museum of Pennsylvania; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 28
    Figure 28

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 27. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 29
    Figure 29

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 27. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 30
    Figure 30

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 27. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 31
    Figure 31

    Schrank, probably made for Peter and Maria Bachmann, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1767. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar and oak; brass, iron. H. 89", W. 84 1/4", D. 30". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 32
    Figure 32

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 31. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 33
    Figure 33

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 31. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 34
    Figure 34

    Schrank, made for Emanuel and Mary Herr, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1768. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 89 1/2", W. 85 3/4", D. 30 1/2". (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum; photo, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 35
    Figure 35

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 34. (Photo, Winterthur Museum, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 36
    Figure 36

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 34. (Photo, Winterthur Museum, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 37
    Figure 37

    Detail of the carving at the base of the schrank illustrated in fig. 34. (Photo, Winterthur Museum, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 38
    Figure 38

    Schrank, made for Abraham and Elisabeth Reist, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1775. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine; iron, brass. H. 91", W. 86", D. 31". (Courtesy, LancasterHistory.org, Heritage Center Collection, acquired through the generosity of the James Hale Steinman Foundation; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 39
    Figure 39

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 38. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 40
    Figure 40

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 38. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 41
    Figure 41

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 38. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 42
    Figure 42

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 38. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 43
    Figure 43

    Chest, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1765. White pine; paint; iron. H. 25 1/2", W. 52", D. 24 1/2". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The paint is restored.

  • Figure 44
    Figure 44

    Detail of the chest illustrated in fig. 43. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 45
    Figure 45

    Chest, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1765. White pine; paint; brass, iron. H. 26 1/4", W. 53 1/4", D. 27 1/8". (Private collection; photo, David Bohl.) The paint is restored.

  • Figure 46
    Figure 46

    Detail of a hinge inside the chest illustrated in fig. 45.

  • Figure 47
    Figure 47

    Chest, probably made for Michael Kauffman, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1765. Walnut and sulfur inlay; iron. H. 25 5/8", W. 51 1/2", D. 24 3/4". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 48
    Figure 48

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 47. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 49
    Figure 49

    Chest, possibly made for Daniel Wolf, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1766. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine; iron. H. 27 1/4", W. 52", D. 24". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 50
    Figure 50

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 49. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 51
    Figure 51

    Chest, made for “I D,” Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1768. Walnut and sulfur inlay; iron. H. 25 1/8", W. 51 7/8", D. 24 7/8". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 52
    Figure 52

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 51. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 53
    Figure 53

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 51. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 54
    Figure 54

    Detail of a foot on the chest illustrated in fig. 51. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 55
    Figure 55

    Tall clock, probably made for Frederick Stone, movement signed by Rudolph Stoner, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1762. Cherry, mixed-wood inlay, and pewter inlay with tulip poplar. H. 101 1/2", W. 21", D. 11 1/2". (Chipstone Foundation; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced and a board has been added between the cornice and sarcophagus.

  • Figure 56
    Figure 56

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 55. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 57
    Figure 57

    Pendulum door of the clock illustrated in fig. 55. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 58
    Figure 58

    Pair of candlesticks, marked by Johann Christoph Heyne, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1755–80. Pewter. H. 22, W. 7 3/4", D. 8 5/8". (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 59
    Figure 59

    Tall clock, made for the Eaby family, movement signed by Christian Forrer, Lampeter, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1765. Walnut and mixed-wood inlay with walnut; brass. H. 92 1/2", W. 19 3/4", D. 13". (Courtesy, Carolyn C. Wenger; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced; the broken scroll pediment is a later addition.

  • Figure 60
    Figure 60

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 59. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 61
    Figure 61

    Tall clock, made for Peter Ferree, movement signed by Rudolph Stoner, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1765. Cherry and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 107 1/4", W. 21", D. 11 1/2". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 62
    Figure 62

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 61. (Photo, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 63
    Figure 63

    Tall clock, made for Christian Schwar, movement attributed to George Hoff, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1766. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 107", W. 19 1/4", D. 11". (Courtesy, Rock Ford Plantation, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet, finials, and valance are replaced.

  • Figure 64
    Figure 64

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 63. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 65
    Figure 65

    Tall clock, made for Daniel Besore, movement signed by George Hoff, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1768. Cherry, red mulberry, and walnut with pewter and mixed-wood inlay and tulip poplar. H. 105", W. 19 3/4", D. 11". (Courtesy, Dietrich American Foundation.) The finials and valance are replaced.

  • Figure 66
    Figure 66

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 65. (Photo, Dietrich American Foundation.)

  • Figure 67
    Figure 67

    Birth and baptismal certificate for Jacob Boshaar, attributed to Joseph Lochbaum, Washington Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1805. Watercolor and ink on laid paper. 13" x 15 1/2". (Courtesy, Philadelphia Museum of Art, promised gift of Joan and Victor Johnson; photo, Graydon Wood.)

  • Figure 68
    Figure 68

    Tall clock, movement attributed to Samuel Meyli, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1770. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; brass. H. 102", W. 20 1/2, D. 11 1/2". (Private Collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet, finials and plinths, and valance are restored.

  • Figure 69
    Figure 69

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 68. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 70
    Figure 70

    Tall clock, movement signed by Benjamin Lamb of London, case made in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1765. Walnut with tulip poplar. H. 96 1/2", W. 22 1/8", D. 12 1/2". (Courtesy, Rock Ford Plantation, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 71
    Figure 71

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 70. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 72
    Figure 72

    Chest, possibly made for Johannes Kilheffer, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1765. Walnut and mixed-wood inlay with white pine; iron, brass. H. 23", W. 42 1/2", D. 19 1/4". (Courtesy, Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 73
    Figure 73

    Lid of the chest illustrated in fig. 72. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 74
    Figure 74

    Detail of the façade of the chest illustrated in fig. 72. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 75
    Figure 75

    Chest, probably made for Jacob Gochnauer, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1767. Walnut, mixed-wood inlay, and bone inlay; iron. H. 24 1/4", W. 50", D. 23 1/2". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 76
    Figure 76

    Detail of the façade of the chest illustrated in fig. 75. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 77
    Figure 77

    Chest, made for “EL S,” Pennsylvania, 1769. Walnut, pewter inlay, and sulfur inlay with pine and oak; iron, brass. H. 24 1/4", W. 53 3/4", D. 22 3/8". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 78
    Figure 78

    Detail of a drawer from the chest illustrated in fig. 77. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 79
    Figure 79

    Schrank, made for Georg Huber, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1779. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar, pine, and oak; brass and iron. H. 83 1/8", W. 78", D. 27 1/2". (Courtesy, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1957-30-1.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 80
    Figure 80

    Chest, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1783. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine; brass, iron. H. 29 1/4", W. 54 1/2", D. 26 1/2". (Courtesy, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 81
    Figure 81

    End of the chest illustrated in fig. 80. 

  • Figure 82
    Figure 82

    Till compartment of the chest illustrated in fig. 80. 

  • Figure 83
    Figure 83

    Chest, made for Henrich Kauffman, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1779. Walnut and sulfur inlay. Dimensions unrecorded. (Photo, Steven F. Still Antiques.)

  • Figure 84
    Figure 84

    Chest, made for Barbara Lang, Manheim Township area, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1782. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine and tulip poplar; iron. H. 26 5/8", W. 52", D. 26 1/2". (Courtesy, Philadelphia Museum of Art, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Raley, 1978-101-1; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 85
    Figure 85

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 84. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 86
    Figure 86

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 84. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 87
    Figure 87

    Chest, made for Maria Bachman, Manheim Township area, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1784. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; iron, brass. H. 26 3/4", W. 52", D. 25 1/2". (Courtesy, Joan and Victor Johnson; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 88
    Figure 88

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 87. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 89
    Figure 89

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 87. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 90
    Figure 90

    Detail of the inlay on a chest, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1784. Walnut and sulfur inlay. (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum; photo, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 91
    Figure 91

    Table, made for “I R,” Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1788. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine; brass. H. 28 5/8", W. 52 3/4", D. 31". (Courtesy, Chester County Historical Society; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The stretchers are replaced.

  • Figure 92
    Figure 92

    Detail of the inlay on the table illustrated in fig. 91. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 93
    Figure 93

    Tall clock, movement by George Hoff, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar, pine, and oak. H. 89 1/2", W. 20 1/2", D. 16". (Courtesy, Joan and Victor Johnson; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 94
    Figure 94

    Detail of the inlay on the clock illustrated in fig. 93. 

  • Figure 95
    Figure 95

    Miniature chest, made for “BA RI,” Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1799. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; iron. H. 8 1/2", W. 17 3/4", D. 9 1/2". (Courtesy, Kelly Kinzle Antiques; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 96
    Figure 96

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 95. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 97
    Figure 97

    Straightedge, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1800. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 1 7/8", W. 22 1/2", D.1/4". (Courtesy, Stephen and Dolores Smith; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 98
    Figure 98

    Chest, made for Cadarina Moser, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1801. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine; iron. H. 23", W. 48 1/4", D. 20". (Photo, Pook & Pook.)

  • Figure 99
    Figure 99

    Schrank, probably made for Johannes and Anna Elisabeth Kauffman, East Hempfield Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1764. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar and oak; brass, iron. H. 80 1/2", W. 73 3/4", D. 35". (Private collection; photo, Philip H. Bradley Co.)

  • Figure 100
    Figure 100

    Schrank, made for David and Anna Mumma, West Hempfield Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1768. Walnut and sulfur inlay; iron, brass. H. 84 1/2", W. 74 1/2", D. 27 1/4". (Courtesy, Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 101
    Figure 101

    Tall clock, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1767. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar. H. 89 1/8", W. 19 3/4", D. 10 3/4". (Courtesy, Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia, 01.24.25.)

  • Figure 102
    Figure 102

    Hood of the clock illustrated in fig. 101. 

  • Figure 103
    Figure 103

    Schrank, probably made for Peter and Ada Schwar, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1769. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar and white pine; iron, brass. H. 82", W. 87", D. 27 1/2". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The five ball feet are missing.

  • Figure 104
    Figure 104

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 103. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 105
    Figure 105

    Cradle, possibly made for Anna (Schwar) Shenk, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1770. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 28", W. 30", D. 38". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) One of the pillow panels is missing.

  • Figure 106
    Figure 106

    Detail of the inlay on the headboard of the cradle illustrated in fig. 105. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 107
    Figure 107

    Miniature chest, made for Andreas Bartruff, Manheim, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1775. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; iron. H. 7 5/8", W. 16 1/8", D. 8 5/8". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 108
    Figure 108

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 107. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 109
    Figure 109

    Chest, made for Barbara Stauffer, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine; iron, brass. H. 30 1/2", W. 52 1/2", D. 24 1/2". (Courtesy, Salvatore A. Rizzuto; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 110
    Figure 110

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 109. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 111
    Figure 111

    Schrank, made for Michael and Eva Magdalena Ley, probably made by Christoph Uhler, Lebanon, Lancaster (now Lebanon) County, Pennsylvania, 1771. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar and white pine; brass. H. 99 1/4", W. 91", D. 26". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 112
    Figure 112

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 111. 

  • Figure 113
    Figure 113

    Schrank, probably made by Christoph Uhler (1741–1804), Lebanon, Lancaster (now Lebanon) County, Pennsylvania, 1771. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine and tulip poplar; iron, brass. H. 91 1/2", W. 86 1/2", D. 26". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 114
    Figure 114

    Detail of the inlay on the schrank illustrated in fig. 113. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 115
    Figure 115

    Tulpehocken Manor, built for Michael and Eva Magdalena Ley, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, 1769, remodeled 1883, photo ca. 1885. (From Rev. P.C. Croll, Ancient and Historic Landmarks in the Lebanon Valley [Philadelphia: Lutheran Publication Society, 1895].)

  • Figure 116
    Figure 116

    Door pediment from Tulpehocken Manor, signed by Christoph Uhler, Lebanon, Lancaster (now Lebanon) County, 1769. White pine; paint. H. 21 3/4", W. 70 1/4", D. 3 3/4". (Courtesy, James C. Keener; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 117
    Figure 117

    Corner cupboard from Tulpehocken Manor, probably made by Christoph Uhler, Lebanon, Lancaster (now Lebanon) County, ca. 1769. Pine and tulip poplar; paint; glass. H. 101", W. 57", D. 40". (Courtesy, Greg K. Kramer and Co.)

  • Figure 118
    Figure 118

    Fireplace surround from Tulpehocken Manor, probably made by Christoph Uhler, Lebanon, Lancaster (now Lebanon) County, ca. 1769. (Courtesy, Lynda and Richard Levengood; photo, Lisa Minardi.)

  • Figure 119
    Figure 119

    Tall clock, probably made for Henry Eshleman, movement signed by John Heinselman, Manheim, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1795. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 86", W. 18 1/4", D. 10 1/4". (Courtesy, Rock Ford Plantation, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) 

  • Figure 120
    Figure 120

    Detail of the inlay on the clock illustrated in fig. 119. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 121
    Figure 121

    Detail of the cornice on the clock illustrated in fig. 119. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 122
    Figure 122

    Detail of the groove for the hood on the clock illustrated in fig. 119. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 123
    Figure 123

    Tall clock, made for “H h,” movement signed by Christian Forrer, Lampeter, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1766. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 89 3/4", W. 21," D. 11 3/4". (Courtesy, Ed and Mary Ann Dixon; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 124
    Figure 124

    Detail of the inlay on the clock illustrated in fig. 123. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 125
    Figure 125

    Tall clock, probably made for Michael Horst, movement signed by George Hoff, Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1785. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine. H. 84 3/4", W. 22," D. 12". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The base has been shortened.

  • Figure 126
    Figure 126

    Tall clock, made for “A M,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1795. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; brass. H. 87", W. 20 1/2," D. 10 3/4". (Courtesy, Carl and Yvonne De Paulis; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 127
    Figure 127

    Detail of the inlay on the tall clock illustrated in fig. 126. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 128
    Figure 128

    Chest, probably made for Jacob Ebersole, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1785. Walnut and sulfur inlay; iron, brass. H. 28", W. 52", D. 25". (Courtesy, Leslie Miller and Richard Worley; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 129
    Figure 129

    Drawer from a table, made for “PA AA,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1782. Walnut and sulfur inlay. Dimensions unrecorded. (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 130
    Figure 130

    Schrank, made for Christian and Elisabeth Schneider, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1780. Walnut and sulfur inlay; iron. H. 80 1/2", W. 74", D. 24 1/4". (Private collection; photo, Joseph Schneider Haus.)

  • Figure 131
    Figure 131

    Frieze of a schrank, made for John and Mary Mennig/Minnich, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1789. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 8 3/4", W. 68 3/4", D. 1". (Courtesy, David A. Schorsch; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 132
    Figure 132

    Cradle, made for “EV MI,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1789. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 22 3/4", W. 28 1/8", D. 38 3/8". (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum, promised gift of David A. Schorsch and Eileen M. Smiles; photo, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 133
    Figure 133

    Detail of the inlay on headboard of the cradle illustrated in fig. 132. 

  • Figure 134
    Figure 134

    Detail of the inlay on the footboard of the cradle illustrated in fig. 132. 

  • Figure 135
    Figure 135

    House of George and Maria Catharina Miller, Millbach, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, 1752. (Courtesy, Millbach Foundation; photo, Winterthur Museum, Laszlo Bodo.)

  • Figure 136
    Figure 136

    Chest, probably made for Eva Koppenhefer, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, 1785. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine and tulip poplar; iron, brass. H. 28 1/2", W. 54 7/8", D. 24 3/8". (Courtesy, Philip H. Bradley Co.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 137
    Figure 137

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 136. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 138
    Figure 138

    Christ Lutheran Church, near Stouchsburg, Marion Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania, built in 1786. (Courtesy, Mr. and Mrs. Michael Emery.)

  • Figure 139
    Figure 139

    Chest, made for John Illig, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, 1797. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 25", W. 52 1/2", D. 23". (Private collection; photo, Conestoga Auction Co.)

  • Figure 140
    Figure 140

    Detail of a door lintel, probably Middletown, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1764. Pine. H. 9", W. 40 1/2", D. 5 1/4". (Courtesy, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, State Museum of Pennsylvania.)

  • Figure 141
    Figure 141

    Birth and baptismal certificate, made for Johannes Poorman, Paxton Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1785. Watercolor and ink on laid paper. 12 1/2" x 15 1/2". (Courtesy, Susan and Stephen Babinsky; photo, Winterthur Museum, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 142
    Figure 142

    Chest, made for Magdalena Fischborn, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1781. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with pine; iron. H. 27 1/2", W. 52 3/4", D. 24 1/4". (Courtesy, Carl and Yvonne De Paulis; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 143
    Figure 143

    Detail of the inlaid star on the chest illustrated in fig. 142. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 144
    Figure 144

    Detail of the till compartment of the chest illustrated in fig. 142. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 145
    Figure 145

    Detail of the bracket foot of the chest illustrated in fig. 142. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 146
    Figure 146

    Detail of the glue block of the chest illustrated in fig. 142. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 147
    Figure 147

    Façade of a chest, made for Ludwig Brandt, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1769. Walnut with sulfur inlay; iron. H. 18 3/8", W. 51 3/4", D. 1". (Courtesy, Edward and Linda Rosenberry; photo, Winterthur Museum, James Schneck.)

  • Figure 148
    Figure 148

    Chest, made for Elisabetha Brandt, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1775. Walnut with sulfur and wood inlay and white pine and tulip poplar; iron. H. 30 1/2", W. 58 3/4", D. 25 3/4". (Courtesy, Renfrew Museum; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 149
    Figure 149

    Detail of the till compartment of the chest illustrated in fig. 148. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 150
    Figure 150

    Detail of the hidden drawers of the chest illustrated in fig. 148. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 151
    Figure 151

    Chest, made for Elisabeth Brua, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1776. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and wood inlay with tulip poplar; iron. H. 26", W. 49 1/2", D. 24". (Courtesy, Pook & Pook.)

  • Figure 152
    Figure 152

    Chest, made for Henrich Miller, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1781. Sycamore, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar; iron, brass. H. 27 3/4", W. 54 1/4", D. 24". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 153
    Figure 153

    Interior of the chest illustrated in fig. 152. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The maker used a sliding batten to stabilize the three-board lid and installed a slanted till compartment.

  • Figure 154
    Figure 154

    Side of the chest illustrated in fig. 152. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 155
    Figure 155

    Detail of the inlay on the façade of the chest illustrated in fig. 152. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 156
    Figure 156

    Detail of the inlay on the façade of the chest illustrated in fig. 152. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 157
    Figure 157

    Chest, made for Lutwig Fischborn, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1783. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 27 1/2", W. 51 1/2", D. 23 3/4". (Courtesy, Carl and Yvonne De Paulis; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 158
    Figure 158

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 157. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 159
    Figure 159

    Chest, made for Maria Klinger, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1792. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar and white pine; brass, iron. H. 27", W. 51 1/2", D. 24". (Courtesy, Rock Ford Plantation, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 160
    Figure 160

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 159. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 161
    Figure 161

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 159. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 162
    Figure 162

    Chest, made for “CH KM,” probably Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1788. Walnut and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 26", W. 54", D. 23". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 163
    Figure 163

    Detail of the star inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 162. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 164
    Figure 164

    Chest, made for “ML,” probably Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1789. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 27 1/8", W. 50", D. 23 3/4". (Courtesy, Mr. and Mrs. Stephen D. Hench; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 165
    Figure 165

    Chest, made for “IS,” Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 27 1/2", W. 49 1/2", D. 23". (Courtesy, Winterthur Museum, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 166
    Figure 166

    Chest, made for “S A C,” probably Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1793. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 29 5/8", W. 50 1/2", D. 23 3/4". (Courtesy, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum, bequest of John J. Snyder Jr.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 167
    Figure 167

    Chest, made for Magdalena Baum, probably Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1798. Walnut and mixed-wood inlay with white pine and tulip poplar; brass, iron; paint. H. 27", W. 55 1/2", D. 23". (Courtesy, Historical Society of Dauphin County, Harrisburg, Pa.; photo, David Pickel.)

  • Figure 168
    Figure 168

    Detail of the inlay and paint on the chest illustrated in fig. 167. 

  • Figure 169
    Figure 169

    Chest, made for Margaret Alleman, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1786. Walnut and sulfur inlay; iron. H. 22", W. 48", D. 24". (Photo, Pook & Pook.)

  • Figure 170
    Figure 170

    Chest, made for Martin Alleman, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, 1792. Walnut and sulfur inlay with white pine, tulip poplar; iron. H. 20 1/2", W. 52", D. 24 1/4". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The chest was originally over drawers and has been reduced in height.

  • Figure 171
    Figure 171

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 170. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 172
    Figure 172

    William Wagner, view of York, York County, Pennsylvania, 1830. (Courtesy, York County Heritage Trust, York, Pa.)

  • Figure 173
    Figure 173

    Tall clock, made for “A G and AMG,” movement signed by John Fisher, York, York County, Pennsylvania, 1773. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 99", W. 17 1/2", D. 11 1/2". (Private collection; photo, Winterthur Library, Decorative Arts Photographic Collection.)

  • Figure 174
    Figure 174

    Detail of the clock illustrated in fig. 173. 

  • Figure 175
    Figure 175

    Desk, made for George Gelwicks, York County, Pennsylvania, 1790. Walnut with sulfur inlay and pine. H. 44 1/4", W. 41 1/4", D. 22". (Private collection; photo, Rob Manko.)

  • Figure 176
    Figure 176

    Detail of the inlay on the desk illustrated in fig. 175. 

  • Figure 177
    Figure 177

    Birth and baptismal certificate for Johannes Gelwicks, decoration and infill attributed to the Pseudo-Otto Artist, printed form attributed to the Ephrata Cloister, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1788. Watercolor and ink on laid paper. 13" x 16". (Courtesy, Philadelphia Museum of Art, promised gift of Joan and Victor Johnson; photo, Graydon Wood.)

  • Figure 178
    Figure 178

    Chest of drawers, made for Casper Renaker, York County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine and tulip poplar. H. 51 1/2", W. 41 1/4", D. 22". (Courtesy, Carl and Yvonne De Paulis; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet, top, and knobs are replaced.

  • Figure 179
    Figure 179

    Detail of the inlay on the chest of drawers illustrated in fig. 178. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 180
    Figure 180

    Tombstone for Michael Gibler, St. Mary’s Church, Carroll County, Maryland, 1791. (Photo, Lisa Minardi.)

  • Figure 181
    Figure 181

    Tombstone for Anna Elisabeth Margreth Gibler, St. Mary’s Church, Carroll County, Maryland, 1791. (Photo, Lisa Minardi.)

  • Figure 182
    Figure 182

    Tombstone for Paul Renecker, St. Mary’s Church, Carroll County, Maryland, 1799. (Photo, Lisa Minardi.)

  • Figure 183
    Figure 183

    Chest, probably York County, Pennsylvania, 1789. Yellow pine; paint; iron. H. 22 1/2", W. 49", D. 21 1/2". (Courtesy, Museum of the Shenandoah Valley, Winchester, Va.; photo, Ron Blunt.) The left foot is restored. It is also possible that this chest was made in Shenandoah County, Virginia.

  • Figure 184
    Figure 184

    Miniature chest, probably made for Anna Sell/Zell, York County, Pennsylvania, 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine. H. 11 3/8", W. 19 1/4", D. 11 1/2". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 185
    Figure 185

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 184. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 186
    Figure 186

    Chest, probably made for Peter Holtzappel, York County, Pennsylvania, 1791. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine; paint. H. 24 1/2", W. 49", D. 20 1/4". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet and base molding are replaced.

  • Figure 187
    Figure 187

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 186. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 188
    Figure 188

    Tall clock, southeastern Pennsylvania, 1766. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay; secondary woods unrecorded. H. 88", W. 19", D. 10 1/2". (Location unknown; photo, Christie’s.)

  • Figure 189
    Figure 189

    Corner cupboard, southeastern Pennsylvania, 1768. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar and pine; iron, brass. H. 85 1/2", W. 47", D. 22 1/2". (Courtesy, Renfrew Museum; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The upper door is missing.

  • Figure 190
    Figure 190

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 189. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.) 

  • Figure 191
    Figure 191

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 189. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.) 

  • Figure 192
    Figure 192

    Chest, made for Veronica Miller, southeastern Pennsylvania, 1785. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar; iron, brass. H. 20", W. 52", D. 23 3/4". (Courtesy, Clarke Hess; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet and base molding are replaced; the chest used to be over two drawers.

  • Figure 193
    Figure 193

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 192. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 194
    Figure 194

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 192. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 195
    Figure 195

    Slide-lid box, made for “H D,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1796. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 3 1/4", W. 6 5/8", D. 12". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 196
    Figure 196

    Slide-lid box, made for “C D”, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1796. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 4 3/8", W. 8", D. 13 3/8". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 197
    Figure 197

    Slide-lid box, made for “M D,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1797. Walnut and sulfur inlay. H. 4 3/8", W. 8", D. 13 3/8". ­(Courtesy, Mr. and Mrs. Stephen D. Hench; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 198
    Figure 198

    Detail of the inlay on the lid of the box illustrated in fig 195. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 199
    Figure 199

    Detail of the inlay on the lid of the box illustrated in fig 196. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 200
    Figure 200

    Detail of the inlay on the lid of the box illustrated in fig 197. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 201
    Figure 201

    Chest, made for “HA BE,” possibly Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1768. Walnut and sulfur inlay with walnut and oak; brass, iron. H. 27 5/8", W. 48 3/4", D. 22 1/4". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced.

  • Figure 202
    Figure 202

    Detail of the inlay on the chest illustrated in fig. 201. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 203
    Figure 203

    Kitchen cupboard, possibly made for Adam and Anna Brandt, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, 1770. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine and tulip poplar; brass, iron. H. 89 1/2", W. 76 /2", D. 20 3/4". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The pie shelf section and brasses are restored.

  • Figure 204
    Figure 204

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 203. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 205
    Figure 205

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 203. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 206
    Figure 206

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 203. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 207
    Figure 207

    Hanging cupboard, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1772. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine. H. 33", W. 18", D. 11 7/8". (Courtesy, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1953-125-9; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The bottom lip of the drawer is replaced.

  • Figure 208
    Figure 208

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 207. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 209
    Figure 209

    Detail of the inlay on the cupboard illustrated in fig. 207. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 210
    Figure 210

    Tall clock, made for “J.K.,” movement signed by George Hoff, probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1774. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 86 3/8", W. 20", D. 10 1/8". (Courtesy, Philip H. Bradley Co.; photo, Gavin Ashworth.) The feet are replaced and the inlay is restored.

  • Figure 211
    Figure 211

    Detail of the inlay on the clock illustrated in fig. 210. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 212
    Figure 212

    Tall clock, made for “H.S.,” movement signed by Jacob Gorgas, Ephrata, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with tulip poplar. H. 95 1/2", W. 23 1/2", D. 12 3/4". (Private collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 213
    Figure 213

    Detail of the inlay on the clock illustrated in fig. 212. (Photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 214
    Figure 214

    Table, possibly Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay; brass. H. 30", W. 41", D. 29 1/2". (Courtesy, Carl and Yvonne De Paulis; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 215
    Figure 215

    Slide-lid box, made for “W B,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, ca. 1790. Walnut and sulfur inlay with pine. H. 5", W. 11 3/4", D. 5 7/8". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)

  • Figure 216
    Figure 216

    Box with drawer, made for “M E,” probably Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1799. Walnut, sulfur inlay, and mixed-wood inlay with tulip poplar; brass. H. 9 1/4", W. 18", D. 8 3/4". (Courtesy, Rocky Hill Collection; photo, Gavin Ashworth.)